1.Let us assume that Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, and Hume kept daily diaries of their thoughts. Choose one of the ancient Greek philosophers (Socrates, Plato, or Aristotle) and one of the modern European philosophers or protopsychologists (Descartes, Locke, or Hume). Write a diary page (500-word maximum) from each of these gentlemen that discusses a central theme in their respective beliefs. Be creative, but stay factual.
Make sure that you evaluate the points of view or central themes you have identified for each of the two philosophers you have chosen. Include material that illustrates the culture and time period in which they lived. Analyze the influences of social and cultural conditions on the philosophers. Describe how the different perspectives from the different time periods led to distinctive beliefs about social issues.
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Discussion #1.Discuss how Thomas Upham built upon the work of John Locke and Thomas Reid. How did British empiricism and Scottish realism influence the development of the American Mental philosophers?
Discussion #2.Psychology is a relatively young science, with the first psychology laboratory being opened in 1879, but its roots extend back thousands of years to the ancient Greek philosophers. Psychology’s roots are closely related to both biology and philosophy. Because of its hybrid heritage, psychology is often considered a social science, a natural science, and part of the humanities. What are the benefits of this complex heritage? What are the drawbacks? Why is it important to study the history of psychology? How does the history of psychology inform modern day psychology?